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ANUTTARA SAMYAK SAMBODHI

CONSUMMATION OF INCOMPARABLE ENLIGHTENMENT


PRESENTED BY:
...the Wanderling




Immediately following his Awakening experience Zen master Te Shan burnt all of his commentaries and books on Zen that he had carried with him everywhere he went.

Some time ago I was given a handful of old dog-eared, worn copies of Zen books that were found in a box that had been stored away and misplaced in my younger brother's attic for many years...books that I at onetime had carried around with me everyplace I went just like Te Shan did.

One of the books in that handful was a 1960s copy of "The Diamond Sutra and the Sutra of Hui Neng,." Hui Neng was the Sixth Patriarch of C'han or Zen Buddhism and one of the foremost figures in the Zen tradition --- so, of course, in those early days of learning about Zen I HAD to "know" about him.

In a footnote to Section II of the Diamond Sutra there is a reference to ANUTTARA SAMYAK SAMBODHI and it's meaning, which the authors A. F. Price and Wong Mou-Lam translated, refering to the Awakening experience of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha under the Bodhi Tree, simply as the: Consummantion of Incomparable Enlightenment. For all the years that followed that was always good enough for me and what I used for AWAKENING 101 initially. As time passed and the participant level grew into the hundreds and hundreds and the questions continued to come, it became apparent a clearer translation was required --- so the following translation was gleaned, as credited on the link at the bottom of the page, from "The Collected Works of Shinran":


The dharma that the Buddha realized is called anuttara-samyak-sambodhi. He is called Buddha because he has realized this bodhi.

An means "un," uttara means "excelled," samyak means "right," sam means "all-pervading," and bodhi is translated "way." Taken together, the term is translated "unexcelled, right, all-pervading way."



Then one day the following post showed up on my Message Board:


"Your translation of Anuttara Samyak Sambodhi is all wrong. What kind of G'dam moron did your translation????"


After a little back and forth discussion with the author of the post the following was presented, which seems adequate enough:


ANUTTARA SAMYAK SAMBODHI


TRANSLATION:

There is nothing (an) more supremely high (uttara) than unities fullfillment (sam [samma']) of Being (yakkha, could also say Essence, or "soul" in loose sense) in the oneness (San. [samma, or Sva]) of exquisite perfection(sam, in combination with Bodhi is always a modifier of excellence)  in great wisdom (Dhi)

AN (NOT,NOTHING) +UT (HYPERBOREAN, ALWAYS MEANING UTMOST NORTH, [UTTAMMA, UTTARA], REFERENCING COMMON USAGE TO REFER TO NORTH STAR I.E. UNCHANCHINGNESS) + TARA (TRANSIT CROSS, TO PASS OVER, COMBINED WITH UTT, MEANING SUPREME UNEXCELLED)

Anuttara (adj.) [an + uttara] "nothing higher", without a superior, incomparable, second to none, unsurpassed, excellent, preeminent Sn 234 (= adhikassa kassaci abh?vato KhA 193), 1003; Dh 23, 55 (= asadisa appa?ibh?ga DhA I.423); Pv IV.35 2(dhamma); Dhs 1294; DA I.129; PvA 1, 5, 6, 18, etc.

Tara [see tarati] (n.) crossing, "transit," passing over Sn 1119 (maccu°). -- (adj.) to be crossed, passable, in duttara hard to cross S IV.157; Sn 174, 273 (ogha? t. duttara?); Th 2, 10; It 57. Also as su--duttara S I. 35; V.24.

Unities (Eng., n., pl.) [1] state of being one; oneness. [2] a whole or totality as combining all its parts into one. [3] the state or fact of being united or combined into one, as the parts of a whole; unification.

SAMYAK(sanskrit) Pali (SAMMA')..  YAK (hyphenated Yakkha)= SAN.+YAKKHA

SAN.(ALWAYS MEANING ONE WITH, UNITY, HOLY CONJUNCTION WITH (usually bodhi, buddhahood), YAKKHA=(THE SPIRIT, SOUL, pali ATTA', sanskrit Atman, combined with San. always meaning the one supreme Unity of Buddhahood, perfection, (Tathagatahood, Buddhahood, i.e. the Tathattaman, Buddhatta', Nibbana (skt. Nirvana).

Yakkha [Vedic yak?a, quick ray of light, but also "ghost"; fr. yaks to move quickly; perhaps: swift creatures, changing their< abode quickly and at will. -- The customary (popular) etym. of Pali Commentators is y. as qua?si grd. of yaj, to sacrifice, thus: a being to whom a sacrifice (of expiation or propitiation) is given. See e. g. VvA 224: yajanti tattha bali? upaharant? ti yakkh?; or VvA 333: p?jan?ya--bhavato yakkho ti vuccati. -- The term yak?a as attendants of Kubera occurs already in the Upanishads.] 1.7. Exceptionally the term "yakkha" is used as a philosophical term denoting the "individual soul" [cp. similar Vedic meaning< "das lebendige Ding" (B.R.) at several AV. passages]; hence probably the old phrase: ett?vat? yakkhassa suddhi (purification of heart) Sn 478, quoted VvA 333 (ett?vat'agga? no vadanti h'eke yakkhassa sudhi? idha pa?d?it?se). Sn 875 Nd1 282: yakkha=satta, nara, puggala, manussa).

SAMBOHDI =SAMMA'(hyphenated to sam, as is frequently the case)+BODHI (var. BUDDH,i.e. perfect DHI(WISDOM)), BODHI(unexcelled wisdom, perfect Enlightenment, Buddha posesses SUPREME BODHI, Arhats have perfection of Bodhi , varient of Buddh', the perfection of DHI(supreme wisdom).....Samma'(same as above, explicative, from San.=to be one with, Unities Fullfullment, Sankrit SVA(ones one in pefection, i.e. Buddhahood,) also Pali  SA (samma') (ones own in pregnent pefect sense)

Bodhi (f.) [fr. budh, cp. Vedic bodhin--manas having an Enlightened mind's essence; RV V.75, 5; VIII.82, 18] (supreme) knowledge, Enlightenment, the knowledge possessed by a Buddha (see also sambodhi & samm?--sambodhi) M I.356; II.95=D III.237

Sambodha [sa?+bodha] Enlightenment, highest wisdom, Awakening; the insight belonging to the three higher stages of the Path, Vin I.10; D III.130 sq., 136 sq.; S II.223; V.214; M I.16, 241; A I.258; II.200, 240 sq., 325 sq.; V.238 sq.; It 27; pubbe sambodh?, before attaining insight M I.17, 163; II.211; III.157; S II.5, 10; IV.6, 8, 97, 233; V.281; A I.258; III.82, 240. abhabba sambodh?ya, incapable of insight M I.200, 241=A II 200. (Cp. Dial. I.190--192.) -g?min leading to Enlightenment D III.264; Sn p. 140. --pakkhika belonging to Enlightenment A IV.357. --sukha the bliss of Enlightenment A IV.341 sq.

ANUTTARA SAMYAK SAMBODHI

translation:

There is nothing (an) more supremely high (uttara) than unities fullfillment (sam [samma']) of Being(yakkha, could also say Essence, or "soul" in loose sense) in the oneness (San. [samma, or Sva]) of exquisite perfection (sam, in combination with Bodhi is always a modifier of excellence)  in great wisdom
 


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we differ is that we place a fog, a particular kind of conceptual overlay onto that experience
and then make an emotional investment in that overlay, taking it to be "real" in and of itself.


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